Although plants are important, they are just one element to landscaping. Another equally important component is known as hardscaping. Hardscaping pertains to all non-plant design elements of a yard. Paved or concrete walkways, retaining walls, patios, and rock formations create your lawn’s landscape. Hardscaping serves as the foundation and anchor of landscaping plans. You should plan your hardscaping carefully and implement it before starting your softscape.
Typical hardscaping include patios and sidewalks, however larger features such as retaining walls and paved roads can also be designed depending on the scope of your overall landscaping package. Water features are technically hardscapes because they require a barrier to retain the water, instead of letting it drain into the surrounding soil.